Glossary of Laminate Terms
For definitions of other terms not listed here, please go to these sections: How
It’s Made, Styles, Before You Buy and Installation.
The adaptation of the laminate floor to its installation environment.
In laminate flooring, the bottom layer, or backing, is a melamine plastic layer
that lends dimensional stability to the planks and also helps guard against moisture
from the sub-floor.
In laminate flooring, a decorative layer or print film is adhered on top of the
core board giving the floor its hardwood or tile look. This decorative layer is
a printed, high-resolution photo-reproduction of wood grain, natural stone or ceramic
End Molding/Carpet Reducer
Used as a transition from laminate floors to different flooring surfaces when the
reducer does not allow enough height, such as on high-pile carpet or thick ceramic
Floating Floor System
Laminate floors are installed using a “floating floor system” in which
a padded underlayment sits between the subfloor and the laminate planks. The planks
sit directly on the underlayment and are not anchored to the sublfoor on the bottom
but rather are anchored on the edges.
Glued Laminate Flooring
These are the original laminate floors that do require a special formulated glue
to be applied to the tongue and grooved areas for each plank. Once the glue is dried
the planks are almost impossible to pull apart. These floors are offered in both
planks and squares.
Glueless Laminate Flooring
A no mess installation method where the planks or squares simply interlock together.
Is a manufactured product that simulates the look of hardwood, ceramic tile, natural
stone and many other types of flooring.
Used to help improve the moisture resistance and durability of the core board of
Trim pieces that cover the space that is allowed for the flooring to expand and
move naturally on top of the subfloor. They also help with the transition to an
adjacent floor. Moldings for laminate floors are slightly larger than their wood
or ceramic tile counterparts.
Overlapping Stair Nosing
Similar to a flush stair nosing except the nosing overlaps the exposed edge of your
floor. The overlapping stair nosing is secured to the sub floor and not to the laminate
floor so the floor is free to move
Seams that have raised where the laminate planks or tiles join.
A laminate floor panel that is typically 5 or 6 inches longer than wide.
Pre-Glued Laminate Flooring
A no mess method of installation because the glue is already applied to the tongue
and grooves. A thin, plastic underlayment is needed to seal out moisture and prevent
the glue from sticking to the substrate.
Quarter Round Trim
Installed wherever the laminate floor meets the wall or baseboard.
The transitional piece installers use to connect the laminate with another type
of floor covering such as vinyl, thin ceramic tile, or low-pile carpeting.
The quality of the laminate partially has to do with the photography and the number
of photographs per style, which is known as "screens". The more screens
a product has, the more variation it can offer. And the more “authentic”
the laminate looks.
The junction where the panels connect together.
Square Nosing / Universal Edge
Used where the laminate flooring butts up to carpeting, or various vertical surfaces
where the edge will be exposed, such as along a fireplace.
Step Down Stair Nose
A coordinating molding piece providing the proper transition for all the steps in
A laminate panel in a geometric shape – square.
Commonly used in doorways to join two laminate floors in adjoining rooms. It's also
recommended when making transitions from a laminate floor to another floor that
is approximately the same height.
A material used between the laminate flooring and the subfloor that acts as a sound
and moisture barrier and also allows the floor to expand and contract with changes
in the temperature.
The durable, top layer of laminate flooring. It provides protection and stain resistance.
Many wear layers also contain aluminum oxide, as well as melamine resin, and that
creates exceptional durability.